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ICANN确立双字符ASCII标签申请释放流程

如此前声明所述,ICANN正在制定一套流程,允许注册局申请将二级域名注册中的双字符ASCII标签释放给第三方,并按照规格5第2款的内容在域名系统中激活这些标签的使用。本流程现已确立完成并已公开发布。

针对全部数字/数字型、字母/数字型和数字/字母型的双字符ASCII标签,鉴于本类型标签已被确定为不会造成重大安全性、稳定性或竞争性影响,且各国政府、国家和地区代码顶级域名经理人、技术社群成员或权利持有人均未提出异议,因而ICANN现授权所有注册局均可释放这类标签:

鉴于此,注册局无需就释放某一数字/数字型、字母/数字型或数字/字母型双字符ASCII标签提交单独申请,并可立即批准这类标签的第三方注册和DNS激活。

希望在二级域名层级上释放字母/字母型双字符ASCII标签的注册局仍需遵守政府咨询委员会(GAC)建议的透明流程。

  1. 注册局运营商需要向ICANN提交申请以释放一个或多个字母/字母型双字符ASCII标签。
  2. ICANN将对该申请进行审核,并启动长达30天的公共评议期。
  3. ICANN还将把本申请的内容和公共评议期告知GAC。
  4. 如果针对本请求没有相关和合理的异议,ICANN则将在长达30天的公共评议期结束后的7至10个日历日内,批准针对释放该字母/字母型ASCII标签的请求。

根据《注册局协议》规格5第6款的内容,本款中保留名称清单中的域名仍需遵守保留要求,且暂时不得释放。

如需了解更多二级域名中双字符ASCII标签释放授权流程的信息,并获取"二级字母/字母型双字符ASCII标签释放申请表",请点击此处。如适用,且在适当的情况下,ICANN将采用书面形式告知是否批准该申请。

ICANN注册局服务和合作小组期待着实施这类流程,允许各注册局及其注册人获取双字符二级域名,并诚挚感谢社群对此流程所做的贡献。

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媒体联系人

格温·卡尔森(Gwen Carlson)
全球域名分部(GDD)传播主管
加州洛杉矶
电话:+1 310 578 8653
电子邮件:gwen.carlson@icann.org

ICANN简介

ICANN的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址—可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。如果缺乏这样的协调,我们全球统一的互联网也将不复存在。ICANN成立于1998年。它是一家非营利性的公益型企业,其参与人员来自全球各地,均致力于确保互联网的安全性、稳定性和互用性。该组织旨在促进互联网唯一标识符之间的竞争,并为其制定政策。ICANN不负责互联网的内容管理。无法阻止垃圾邮件,也并不负责处理互联网的接入事务。但该组织通过对互联网域名系统的协调,对互联网的发展和演进有着重要的影响。如需了解更多信息,请参见:www.icann.org


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."