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GNSO 视频站点启动

Jonathan Robinson Being Interviewed

GNSO 网站目前正经历一些变革,旨在改善用户友好性和访问性。该网站的一大新特征是一个全新的 GNSO 视频页面:。一段时间后,这一新页面将成为媒体剪辑的来源,讲述对 ICANN 机构群体普遍有价值的各种主题和信息,以及为特别关注通用顶级域名空间的人士准备的具体主题。

ICANN 工作人员已经着手发布视频剪辑到该页面。新页面的第一批发布内容旨在提高对 GNSO 及其政策工作的理解,同时扩大面向更广大互联网群体的外展活动。在接下来的几周,我们将上传特写 GNSO 委员会主席 Jonathan Robinson 的多个新视频,邀请大家与你们群体的成员分享。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."