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针对评估国际化联系数据的提交和显示解决方案的调查研究

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论坛公告: 评议期开放日: 日期: 2014年6月3日
类别/标签:
  • WHOIS
  • 国际化注册数据
  • 专家工作组
  • 域名注册数据
目的(概要): 本公共论坛针对评估国际化联系数据(例如:WHOIS)提交和显示解决方案的调查研究一题广泛征求公众意见。本研究旨在告知ICANN社群有关国际化注册数据的灵活音译、笔录或翻译(总称变形)的规则,使得人们能够更为方便地访问这些数据。本调查研究审视了电子商家、注册局和注册商们目前处理国际化联系数据的各类实践。本研究还探寻了相关技术协议对这类数据提供的支持。研究还评估了国际化联系数据变形的准确含义。
公众意见专区链接: http://www.icann.org/public-comments/transform-dnrd-2014-06-03-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."