Skip to main content

经济调研提案征询

互联网名称与数字地址分配机构("ICANN")现征召一名或多名提供商展开一项经济调研,审核全球域名系统(DNS)市场的价格趋势和其他竞争指标。所选提供商将需要设计并执行一项初始调研,制定关于竞争的多因素有效数据基线,并将在一年之后进行跟踪调查,从而生成一套比较数据并对其进行分析。ICANN现征召一名或多名合格提供商,以便通过及时有效的方式管理这一复杂的调研工作。

ICANN预计将在2014年11月前与所选提供商签约合作。

作为ICANN《义务确认书》(AoC)中的一环,ICANN承诺将持续促进竞争、消费者信任和消费者选择。AoC确定了ICANN对域名系统的服务对象——全球互联网用户社群——应当担负的责任。确认书主要关注三大问责制领域:(a)确保问责、透明和全球互联网用户的利益;(b)维护域名系统的安全、稳定和弹性;(c)促进竞争、消费者信任和消费者选择。每个关注领域均包含社群对ICANN绩效的审核评价。

本经济调研将使用ICANN社群提出的衡量标准,评估新gTLD项目对竞争、消费者选择和消费者信任产生的影响。即将成立的多利益相关方审核小组将在审查其他竞争衡量标准时,考量上述调研结论,具体包括针对以下方面的研究成果:终端用户、域名系统预想选择,以及新gTLD运营商、服务提供商、注册商、域名注册和其他衡量标准的数量。该审核工作还可为ICANN提供建议,告知其应当采取的其他行动。

鉴于域名系统服务于由注册局、注册局服务运营商、注册商、分销商和域名注册人构成的大型生态系统,则该调研工作必需有能力从与市场实践相关联的各类相关方处获取代表性意见和建议。

如需有关提交回复的其他信息和说明,请点击此处 [ZIP, 799 KB]。

提案应于世界协调时2014年9月29日23:59时前提交至:economicstudy-rfp@icann.org


More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."