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GNSO Video Site Launches

Jonathan Robinson Being Interviewed

The GNSO website is currently undergoing some changes to improve its user friendliness and accessibility. One of the new features on the site is a new GNSO video page: Over time, this new page will act as a source for media clips on a variety of topics and information of value to the ICANN community generally as well as specific topics directed to those specifically interested in the generic top level domain names space.

ICANN Staff have already begun posting video clips on the page. The first postings on this new page are aimed at improving the understanding of the GNSO and its policy work and to broaden its outreach to the wider Internet community. During the coming days and weeks, a number of new videos featuring the GNSO Council Chair, Jonathan Robinson, will be uploaded and we invite you to share these with members of your community.

If you have any comments, questions or suggestions about this ongoing project or ideas of what subjects you would like to see covered in the future, please contact

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."