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互联网*领导人协调会议声明,圣莫尼卡,2014年2月14日

负责互联网技术基础设施协调的企业领导人(简称"互联网*领导人")于上周在美国加州圣莫尼卡市召开会议。在为期两天的会议中,他们讨论了目前正在进行的工作,并就以下一系列主题交换了看法:

会议还讨论了自上次会议以来取得的重要进展和形成的发展势头,以及在互联网的演进过程中与所有利益相关方保持持续合作的必要性。看到诸多领域中取得的成就,领导人们均受到了鼓舞,并意识到在我们各自的社群中都有许多未尽工作。这些工作由各类参与人士积极推动着,通过常规社群流程进行处理。

会议还热烈欢迎了互联网协会下任首席执行官Kathy Brown和ccTLD注册局社群的代表Carolina Aguerre参加本次会议。

参与本次会议的互联网*领导人们—

  • Adiel A. Akplogan,非洲网络信息中心(AFRINIC)首席执行官

  • John Curran,美洲互联网号码注册局(ARIN)首席执行官

  • Paul Wilson,亚太互联网络信息中心(APNIC)主管

  • Russ Housley,互联网架构委员会(IAB)主席

  • Fadi Chehadé,互联网名称与数字地址分配机构(ICANN)总裁兼首席执行官

  • Jari Arkko,互联网工程任务组(IETF)主席

  • Kathy Brown,互联网协会(ISOC)总裁兼首席执行官

  • Raúl Echeberría,拉丁美洲和加勒比海地区互联网地址注册局(LACNIC)首席执行官

  • Axel Pawlik,欧洲网络协调中心(RIPE NCC)总经理

  • Jeff Jaffe,万维网联盟(W3C)首席执行官

  • Carolina Aguerre,拉丁美洲和加勒比海地区顶级域名(LACTLD)总经理(拉丁美洲和加勒比海地区ccTLD注册局运营商协会)


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."