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Étude sur l'utilisation malveillante des services de confidentialité et de proxy du Whois

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Annonce de forum : Période de commentaires ouverte le : Date: 24 septembre 2013
Catégories/Étiquettes : Processus d'élaboration de politiques
Objectif (bref) :

Cette étude, menée par le National Physical Laboratory (NPL) au Royaume-Uni, analyse les noms de domaine gTLD afin de mesurer si le pourcentage d'utilisations abusives des services de confidentialité /proxy impliqués dans des activités Internet illégales ou nuisibles est significativement plus important que pour les noms de domaines utilisés pour des activités Internet légales. En outre, l'étude compare ces pourcentages d'utilisation des services de confidentialité et de proxy à d'autres méthodes utilisées pour dissimuler l'identité –notamment, des numéros de téléphone non valables.

Ces résultats aideront la communauté à comprendre le rôle que jouent les services de confidentialité et de proxy dans la dissimulation de l'identité des parties impliquées dans des activités illégales ou nuisibles, y compris, entre autres, le hameçonnage, le cybersquattage, l'hébergement d'images d'abus sexuel sur des mineurs, la fraude au paiement à l'avance et la vente en ligne de produits pharmaceutiques contrefaits.

Boîte des commentaires publics: http://www.icann.org/en/news/public-comment/whois-pp-abuse-study-24sep13-en.htm

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."