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Versión preliminar del Informe final sobre el uso de nombres de países y territorios como TLDs elaborado por el Grupo de estudio de la ccNSO

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Anuncio del Foro: El período de comentarios abre el Fecha: 2 de julio de 2013
Categorías/Etiquetas:
  • Dominios de Alto Nivel
  • Procesos de Políticas
  • Transparencia/Responsabilidad
Propósito (resumen):

El tratamiento de nombres de países y territorios como Dominios de Alto Nivel es un tema que ha sido debatido por la ccNSO, el GAC, la GNSO, el ALAC y la Junta Directiva de la ICANN por varios años.

Las cuestiones relativas al tratamiento de representaciones de nombres de países y territorios han surgido en una amplia gama de procesos de políticas de la ICANN, los cuales incluyen al proceso de avance acelerado de los IDN, al IDN ccPDP, y al desarrollo de la Guía para el solicitante de nuevos gTLD.

Al reconocer la falta de importancia de los nombres de países y territorios entre una amplia gama de partes interesadas, el Consejo de la ccNSO creo el Grupo de estudio del uso de nombres de países y territorios. El Grupo de estudio ha finalizado su tarea y solicita la retroalimentación y los aportes de la comunidad de la ICANN.

Enlace al casillero de comentario público: http://www.icann.org/en/news/public-comment/unct-final-02jul13-en.htm

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."