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今天将成为新 gTLD 计划发展的一个重要里程碑:第一批新 gTLD 申请的初步评估 (IE) 结果已向申请人和公众发布。

这项成就是多年来开展政策制定和实施工作的结果,使域名系统具有多样化、竞争力和创新的特点。为达成这一目标,申请人与广大的 ICANN 机构群体奉献了无数个日日夜夜。这不仅是新 gTLD 计划史上,也是互联网持续发展进程中一个重要而激动人心的时刻。

要查看优先次序编号为 1 至 30 的申请的初步评估结果,请访问新 gTLD 微网站上的当前申请状态页面。结果公布在初步评估结果一栏下。单击结果将转到该申请的初步评估报告页面。


  • 通过 — 经过评估小组评定,申请符合《申请人指南》的要求,可以进入计划的下一阶段。
  • 有资格进一步评估 — 经过财务、技术/运营、注册管理机构服务或地理名称这几个评估小组的评定,申请提供的信息不足以获得通过的分数。申请有资格进行进一步评估。
  • 无资格进一步审查 — 经过 DNS 稳定性、字符串相似性、背景筛查和/或地理名称这几个评估小组的评定,申请不符合《申请人指南》的相关标准,该申请无资格进行进一步审查。


正如之前所述,ICANN 会按优先次序逐步发布初步评估结果,以每周 30 个的数量递增,并计划增加到每周 100 个。ICANN 预计将在 2013 年 8 月底之前,发布完所有申请的初步评估结果。


通过初步评估(且没有任何异议或字符串争用问题)的申请将有资格进入签约环节,最早可在 2013 年 4 月 23 日签订《注册管理机构协议》。

请访问新 gTLD 微网站,时刻了解初步评估的最新发布情况,以及关于该计划的新闻。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."