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ICANN 的商标信息交换机构对域名空间提供前所未有的保护


2013 年 3 月 26 日,ICANN 将公布商标数据存储库,这在域名空间中还是第一个。在域名系统中引入新通用顶级域名,商标信息交换机构可以为公司和个人的商标提供保护。对于商标信息已经得到信息交换机构验证的权利持有者,他们将有机会参与到一系列旨在帮助保护自身权利的服务中来。



  1. 商标验证
    从 2013 年 3 月 26 日起,权利持有者可以在 网站提交商标数据。德勤企业风险服务部 (Deloitte Enterprise Risk Services) 负责验证这些提交的商标。
  2. 数据库管理
    ICANN 与 IBM 共同管理商标信息交换机构数据库,包括为预注册和商标声明服务向新 gTLD 注册管理机构和注册服务商提供相关数据。预计这些系统将会在 2013 年晚些时候开始运营。



  • 预注册的权限
  • 注册通知


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."