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Upcoming Multi-stakeholder Internet Governance Events in the Middle East and Africa

ICANN will participate with the regional IG community in two important events in March 2013. These events will be attended by regional leaders from government, the private sector and civil society.

The first event, as part of the Arab IGF initiative, will be in Dubai, UAE from 3-5 March. The second event, as part of the African Strategic Engagement initiative, will be in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 6-8 March. ICANN invites you to join regional leaders and Internet Governance experts from all over the world at these two events.

The Arab Multi-stakeholder Internet Governance meeting will be held at the Radisson Royal Hotel in Dubai on 3-5 March 2013. The meeting is hosted by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of UAE as part of the Arab IGF Open Consultations and in partnership with ICANN and RIPE NCC, the Regional Internet Registry for Europe and the Middle East.

Please see this link for on-line registration:

The African Multi-stakeholder Internet Governance meeting will be held at the UNECA Conference Center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 6-8 March 2013 and is organized in partnership with African IGF, AfriNIC, AFTLD, ISOC Africa, and the ATU.

These open public meetings are aimed at fostering engagement among Internet organizations and all stakeholder groups in the Arab and the African world. They offer the opportunity to share best practices of successful multi-stakeholder models and discuss means to enhance effective participation in global Internet Governance fora.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."