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新 gTLD 计划的授权前测试服务 - 供应商选择


ICANN 在此高兴地宣布,ICANN 决定选择 StiftelsenförInternetinfrastruktur (.SE) 作为新 gTLD 计划的授权前测试服务供应商。该供应商是 .se ccTLD(瑞典)的注册管理执行机构,具有长期以来被广泛认可的专业技能、卓越的经营能力以及丰富的业内经验。

授权前测试旨在核实申请人是否履行了按照 gTLD《申请人指南》(AGB) 中所述的技术和运营标准建立注册管理机构的承诺。要获得根区域授权,每个申请人都需要完成授权前测试。

测试内容包含 DNS 服务器基础构架和注册管理机构系统运营。gTLD《申请人指南》 [PDF,5.88 MB] 第 5.2 节介绍了授权前测试流程。

关于 StiftelsenförInternetinfrastruktur (.SE):互联网基础设施基金会 (.SE) 是一个为公共利益服务的独立组织,致力于促进瑞典互联网的积极发展。.SE 负责互联网的瑞典顶级域名.se,其中的职责包括域名注册以及国家域名注册管理机构的管理和技术运营。通过专有运营和为独立项目提供资金两大途径,该组织将其在域名注册方面获得的收益用于为促进瑞士互联网发展而制定的方案提供资金支持。

该服务供应商根据 2012 年 10 月 30 日发布的提案要求,按照考量流程选出。对候选服务供应商的要求包括:可证明自己了解关键注册管理机构职能(即 DNS、DNSSEC、EPP、Whois、Data escrow),具备提供测试服务所需的运营经验、按需扩展能力,以及在设计、构建和运营强健安全的系统方面的经验。有几家符合资格的公司竞相向 ICANN 提交了提案,最终,ICANN 荣幸地选择了 .SE 作为新 gTLD 计划的授权前测试供应商。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."