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为 gTLD 目录服务专家工作组任命领导


2012 年 12 月 13 日... ICANN 总裁兼首席执行官 FadiChehadé 正在启动一项全面的工作,以检查和重新定义 gTLD 注册数据(称作"WHOIS")的目的和条款。作为此战略举措的组成部分,将成立一个专家工作组以便为 ICANN 机构群体提供基础,从而(通过通用名称支持组织,GNSO)为 gTLD 目录服务制定新的全球政策。Chehadé 已指定经验丰富的管理人员 Jean-Francois Baril 担任该小组的领导推动者,并邀请了拥有必要经验的感兴趣个人充当志愿工作组成员(更多信息见此处)。

Baril 将担任工作组的中立主席。他不直接以专业方式参与域名服务,而是提供关于业务、标准制定及共识构建的广泛经验。Baril 在 RosettaNet 帮助制定了新的全球标准,RosettaNet 是一个供应商、消费者及竞争者共聚一堂以制定特定行业标准的全球性论坛。他是供应链和采购方面的权威人士以及 Connecting Partners SA 的首席执行官,拥有超过 30 年的专业经验,并曾在 Nokia Corporation 和 Compaq 等企业担任高级管理职位。

"Jean-Francois 联合代表不同利益的利益主体以寻求共识的能力无与伦比,"FadiChehadé 说道。我相信,他在标准制定领域的经验将使他成为领导为 ICANN 和互联网利益主体所面临的艰难 WHOIS 问题寻找解决方案这一工作的理想候选人。"

机构群体报告 [PDF, 1.44 MB] WHOIS 政策审核小组鼓励 ICANN 理事会寻求获取 WHOIS(gTLD 注册数据)的新方法。在开展这一新工作之余,ICANN 理事会指示首席执行官全面实施现有的 WHOIS 政策,加强沟通和外展方面的工作力度并确保符合现有 WHOIS 政策。理事会提供了有关实施由审核小组发布的目标和建议的详细指导 [PDF, 266 KB]。

该工作组是履行此指示的第一步,它将侧重于重新定义收集、维护 gTLD 注册数据及提供其访问权的目的,并将适当考虑保护数据的安全保障以作为新 gTLD 政策和合同谈判的基础。该工作组的成果将反馈到理事会发起的 GNSO 政策制定流程中,并将作为一个起点,以使 GNSO 的未来工作重心放到为 gTLD 注册数据制定新政策上。

如 ICANN 理事会主席 Stephen D. Crocker 博士所说,"自 WHOIS 制定至今已有超过 25 年的时间。这项详细检查 WHOIS 的综合性工作是否成功至关重要。Jean-Francois Baril 的任命以及专家工作组的成立证明了 ICANN 决心投入必要的资源使 WHOIS 发展成更有效地满足当今互联网需要的工具。"

有关 gTLD 目录服务专家工作组的更多信息可从此处获得


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."