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At-Large In Full Force at Internet Governance Forum

Demonstrating the power of the multistakeholder model to rally individual Internet users, nearly 30 members of ICANN's At-Large Community are participating in the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in Baku, Azerbaijan from 6-9 November 2012.

The African Regional At-Large Organization (AFRALO) and the Asia, Australasia and Pacific Islands Regional At-Large Organization (APRALO) worked with ICANN to put together sessions examining aspects of ICANN's New gTLD Program.

New gTLD Program: An Opportunity for Development or a Means for More Digital Divide?
Wednesday, 7 November 2012
09:00 – 10:30
Conference Room #8
Organized by AFRALO

New gTLDs: Implications and Potential for Community Engagement, Advocacy and Development
Friday, 9 November 2012
11:00 – 12:30
Conference Room #8
Organized by APRALO

At-Large Advisory Committee Chair Dr. Olivier Crépin-Leblond said, "Through their active participation in the IGF in the organization of workshops and other activities, the members of the ICANN At-Large community will be working to ensure that the voice of the end-user within ICANN is heard in this important venue. This will help to show the successful multistakeholder model within ICANN."

In addition to organizing and participating in sessions, At-Large members will also join ICANN staff at its informational booth in the IGF Village. They will provide information on ICANN-sponsored events as well as on the new MyICANN web portal.

At-Large has created a wiki workspace devoted to its planned activities at the seventh annual IGF. It can be found at https://community.icann.org/x/-4g3Ag.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."