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新 gTLD 授权前测试提供商 - 建议征求书

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gTLD《申请人指南》的要求,ICANN 正在制定建议征求书 (RFP) [PDF,361 KB] 以确定一家或多家授权前测试提供商。该指南的第 5.2 款详细规定了需要进行的各种测试。《建议征求书》中包含了若干详细要求。授权前测试系统预计在 2013 年 3 月底之前就绪。

各利益相关方可以将对《建议征求书》的回应通过邮件发送到以下地址:<pre-delegation-testing-bid@icann.org>。提交对《建议征求书》的回应的截止日期是 2012 年 11 月 20 日。如果对 RFP 有任何疑问,请于 2012 年 11 月 7 日前通过电子邮件发送到 <pre-delegation-testing-bid@icann.org>。

授权前测试旨在核实申请人是否履行了按照 gTLD《申请人指南》中所述的技术和运营标准建立注册管理机构的承诺。要获得根区域授权,每个申请人都需要完成授权前测试。

测试内容包含 DNS 服务器基础构架和注册管理机构系统运营 (EPP/Whois)。通常而言,申请人需要根据指示执行测试内容,并向 ICANN 提供令人满意的执行结果文档。ICANN 有权自行决定是在注册管理机构的服务点现场还是在其他地点审核申请人的自我认证文档。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."