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新 GNSO 社群候选资格申请 -"公共互联网访问/网吧生态系统"

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论坛公告: 意见征询期开始于 日期: 2012 年 10 月 10 日
类别/标签:
  • 参与
  • 审查/改进
目的(概要): ICANN 理事会于 2011 年 6 月通过了认可新 GNSO 社群的流程,ICANN 已收到根据该流程提交的第一份申请。此论坛的目的是将印度网吧联盟 (CCAOI) 提交的候选资格申请 (AFC) 通知给 ICANN 机构群体并就此征求反馈意见,此申请意在组建一个称为“公共互联网访问/网吧生态系统 (PIA/CC)”的新 GNSO 社群。 CCAOI 提交的申请资料要求批准通过新社群,以便该社群能在 GNSO 的非商业性利益主体组织 (NCSG) 内获得认可。在 NCSG 评估该申请时,机构群体的意见将帮助 NCSG 在信息充足的情况下进行审议工作。
公众意见专区链接: http://www.icann.org/en/news/public-comment/afc-ccaoi-piacc-10oct12-en.htm

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."