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Demande d'admission de candidature pour un nouveau regroupement de la GNSO – « Accès public à Internet/ Ecosystème cybercafé »

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Annonce Forum: Période de commentaire ouvert le Date: 10 octobre 2012
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Objectif (Brief): L'ICANN a reçu la première candidature dans le cadre du processus de reconnaissance de nouveaux regroupements de la GNSO, adopté par le Conseil d'administration de l'ICANN en juin 2011. L'objectif de ce forum est d'informer la communauté de l'ICANN et de demander son avis sur la demande d'admission de candidature (AFC) présentée par l'Association indienne de cybercafés (CCAOI) pour constituer un nouveau regroupement de la GNSO appelé « accès public à Internet/ écosystème cybercafé » (PIA/CC) » Le dossier de candidature présenté par la CCAOI demande l'approbation de ce regroupement et sa reconnaissance au sein du groupe de parties prenantes non commerciales de la GNSO (NCSG). Les commentaires de la communauté contribueront à enrichir les délibérations du NCSG lors de l'évaluation de la candidature.
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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."