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在 AFRINIC 支持下,互联网号码资源的非洲地区注册机构、ICANN 和其机构群体的领导成员今日宣布,将实施一项旨在提高非洲参与度以及扩大其在 ICANN 内部影响力的举措。

该举措是六月在捷克共和国布拉格召开的第 44 届 ICANN 公开会议的结果,当时与会人员包括 ICANN 董事会主席 Steve Crocker、ICANN 的指定首席执行官 FadiChehadé 及临时首席执行官 AkramAtallah 和一些非洲机构群体成员。

其目标是制定 ICANN 非洲战略的框架,并在于 2012 年 10 月在加拿大多伦多召开的公开会议上公布初始计划。该战略既将支持增强 ICANN 在非洲的影响力,又会提高非洲在 ICANN 中的参与度。它还将促进多利益主体模式在非洲的政府、民间协会和私营企业层面进行推广。

此项工作特别关注发展中国家,使 ICANN 向更加广泛的全球参与又迈近了一步。

为了制定新战略,非洲机构群体成员在布拉格召开会议成立并通过了一个工作组,其中包括非洲各区域负责互联网管理的主要负责人。工作组选择了非洲有名的互联网领导者 – 加纳的 NiiQuaynor 为之指引工作。

ICANN 已指派埃及的 TarekKamel 作为其总裁和首席执行官的高级顾问,负责全球问题事宜,并与此工作组共同制定将于多伦多公布的初始战略计划。工作组一致通过了该决定。Tarek 以长期在发展中国家推广互联网及其多利益主体模式所取得的成就而闻名。

如需更多信息或要提交建议,请发送电子邮件至 进行联系。

如果您是记者,请发送电子邮件至 联系 ICANN 的全球媒体事务总监 Brad White。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."