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《IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程最终实施计划》更新版现已发布

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紧随 IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程的第二次年度审核完成,ICANN 现公布IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程最终实施计划》更新版 [PDF,881 KB] 的发布通知。《IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程最终实施计划》描述了通过 IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程提交和处理申请的要求和程序。

相关变更已发布在 IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程第二次年度审核的公众意见论坛中,该帖子的主题是:IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程最终实施计划变更提案 [PDF,3.35 MB]。

实施计划变更未涉及实质性更改,仅包括若干格式更改、几处印刷和语法错误的修正、过期 URL 的替换、目录更新以及第 5 单元附录 1 流程过程图的更新。

本次发布两个版本:

  1. 《IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程实施计划》修订版 [PDF,881 KB],2012 年 6 月 4 日发布,
  2. 在旧版本的基础上使用修订标记标出变更内容的版本 [PDF,1.15 MB]。

ICANN 机构群体应注意,2011 年 12 月 15 日发布的《IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程实施计划》原版 [PDF,805 KB] 现已存档,代而使用《IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程实施计划》修订版 [PDF,881 KB]。

已存档版本仍可通过 IDN 页面的"IDN 资源"部分获得: http://www.icann.org/en/resources/idn/more


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."