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新 gTLD 计划的独立反对者已选定

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ICANN 荣幸地宣布,Alain Pellet 教授已同意担任新通用顶级域名计划的独立反对者。独立反对者将单独代表使用国际互联网的公众的利益采取行动。

Pellet 教授的文凭和经验完全符合该关键职位的要求。他是一位备受尊重的教授和法律工作者,并多次作为法律顾问和律师代表政府在国际法院打赢多场重大、知名的官司。Pellet 教授声名卓著,并曾获得多项大奖。

ICANN 于 2011 年 11 月贴出建议征求书,正式开始招募独立反对者。我们还发布广告,通过一家全球招聘公司进行招募并欢迎口头推荐。招募流程中,我们面试并筛选了大量候选人。

如果对独立反对者反对的申请没有提出其他异议,单独代表全球互联网用户利益采取行动的独立反对者可以提出"有限公众利益和群体异议"。

更多关于独立反对者角色的信息可以参考《新 gTLD 申请人指南》

如需了解 Pellet 教授的更多信息以及其简历,请访问:http://www.alainpellet.eu

Pellet 教授同意参与 ICANN 的此项计划让我们倍感荣幸。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."