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TAS 中断 - 更新(2012 年 5 月 7 日)

首席运营官 AkramAtallah 发表声明

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ICANN 承认 TLD 申请系统临时中断造成了诸多不便,对于所有希望在公布新通用顶级域名申请清单前撤销申请的新 gTLD 申请人,ICANN 将全额退还这些申请人支付的申请费。

在 2012 年 5 月 6 日星期日于阿姆斯特丹举行的 ICANN 理事会研讨会上,通过了一项授权全额退款的决议

我们承认,此项退款决议表明撤销申请的申请人会在所收退款的基础上额外收到 5000 美元,但是我们认为,这对我们履行公平对待申请人的承诺来说非常重要。

我们对 TAS 临时中断给申请人带来的不便深表歉意。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."