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ICANN 和注册服务商协商小组发布 RAA 协商摘要


在哥斯达黎加会议之前,ICANN 和注册服务商协商小组拟定了一份关于《注册服务商委任协议》的协商摘要 [PDF, 117 KB]。在理事会指示 ICANN 和注册服务商继续处理有关执法机构建议 [PDF, 111 KB] 和 GNSO 建议的协商事宜后,协商事宜已取得进展,到目前为止已召开了 13 次协商会议。对于很多主题,ICANN 和注册服务商协商小组在文字上几乎达成一致,还有更多主题甚至在原则上也达成了一致。由于修正案的全面性,预计所有协商文字将在进一步协商后以一个统一的文档发布。

今天发布的摘要表 [PDF, 117 KB] 提供了有关协商过程中提出的几乎所有问题以及这些问题的当前议定状态的信息。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."