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ICANN et Résumé de négociation de la RAA De L’équipe de Négociation de registraire

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En prévision de la réunion du Costa Rica, l'ICANN et l'équipe de négociation de registraire ont préparé un résumé des négociations [PDF, 117 KB] sur l'accord d'accréditation des registraires (RAA). Après le Conseil a ordonné à l'ICANN et aux registraires de procéder à des négociations relatives à des recommandations par application de la loi [PDF, 111 KB] et des recommandations de la GNSO, les négociations se sont déroulées à un rythme soutenu, avec 13 séances de négociation jusqu' à ce jour. Il y a de nombreux sujets où l'ICANN et l'équipe de négociation registraire sont proches d'un accord sur la langue, et même davantage de sujets où il y a accord de principe. En raison de la nature exhaustive de ces modifications, il est prévu que toutes les langues négociées soient affichées comme un document unifié après la poursuite des négociations.

Le tableau récapitulatif [PDF, 117 KB] publié aujourd'hui fournit des informations sur presque tous les sujets qui ont été soulevés dans les négociations, et l'état actuel de l'accord sur ces questions.


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."