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ICANN 重申其启动新 gTLD 计划第二轮次申请的决定;针对商标保护问题征询公众意见;继续推进申请人支持计划


2012 年 2 月 7 日,ICANN 理事会重申了 ICANN 将尽快启动新 gTLD 计划第二轮申请的决定。

ICANN 将在新 gTLD 计划的第二轮申请期开放之前发布一份文档,介绍所需的工作计划。

由于 ICANN 还在处理第一轮申请的相关工作,因此目前无法确定第二轮次启动的具体日期。首先,第一轮次中的申请都必须得到相应的处理,而在第一轮申请期结束之前,申请总数不得而知。此外,ICANN 之前承诺:其将在第一轮申请中处理政府咨询委员会针对商标保护和根区域运营评估所提出要求的各项建议。

为进一步推动此决议的实施,ICANN 将在发布工作计划的相关描述内容后,继续与社群合作,以完善该工作计划。

若要参阅此决议的完整文本,请访问 ICANN 网站:

此外,ICANN 正针对新 gTLD 计划中的相关商标保护措施征询公众意见。部分利益主体最近指出,有人对顶级域“保护性”申请的已知需要表示担忧,其还要求 ICANN 确保此计划以有利于保护知识产权的方式启动。公众意见将帮助 ICANN 阐明可行性保护措施的范围及其带来的益处,并且还有助于理解及回应与这类措施相关的顾虑。

最后,ICANN 将继续推行其计划,以便为符合条件的申请人提供经济或其他形式的援助。制定申请人支持计划申请人援助手册后,ICANN 正在招聘独立小组成员参与经济援助的决策工作。此次招聘活动将在全球各地展开,招聘对象是各行各业中经验丰富的人士。ICANN 欢迎有志竞聘的人士查找更多相关信息。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."