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新 gTLD 更新:今日接受申请;新指南发布;对合格申请人的资助


历经七年多的筹划,互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN) 已经启动一个可使互联网极大扩展的流程。

从今天起,ICANN 正式开始接受新通用顶级域名 (gTLD) 的申请。.com、.gov、.org 和其他 19 个 gTLD 将很快得到扩展,纳入许多不同语言的各种类型的文字。通用 TLD 首度囊括非拉丁文字,例如西里尔文、中文或阿拉伯文。

申请人将使用 TLD 申请系统 (TAS) 来提交申请,在该系统中须回答《申请人指南》中详细列明的 50 个问题。在 TAS 中进行注册的链接在 ICANN 新 gTLD 页面

1 月 12 日 : ICANN 开始接受申请
3 月 29 日 : 在 TAS 中进行注册的最后一天
4 月 12 日 : ICANN 接受申请的最后一天

《申请人指南》的更新版已在开放申请期的同时发布。更新版纳入了 gTLD 客户服务中心早前通过正式回复所做出的一系列解释说明。说明的要点集中在诸如分批处理、背景筛查、申请人支持计划、持续运营工具、GAC 建议流程和注册管理机构行为规范等主题。其他信息和对早前提出问题的回复可在计划的补充说明中查看。这些材料不是为了引入新的要求或标准。到《申请人指南》和补充说明的链接都在 ICANN 新 gTLD 页面

目前还提供对申请人支持计划:向合格申请人提供有限资助的变更。透过这一计划,申请人,特别是来自发展中国家或地区的申请人能够获得资助,形式为一定的评估费减免以及其他类似的或机构群体的无偿服务。作为计划的一个组成部分,经济资助将允许有限数量的合格申请人支付 $47,000 的评估费,而不是 $185,000 的全额费用。此项费用减免的实现得益于 ICANN 理事会为计划捐赠的 $2,000,000。这笔资金为种子基金,其他组织或机构可向其捐款。作为对公众意见的响应,已对计划草案做出更新,扩大了退款的适用范围,使计划同时对某些商标所有者开放,并进一步面向那些旨在服务于公众利益的组织或机构。有关申请人支持计划的更多信息可访问 ICANN 新 gTLD 页面

ICANN 鼓励所有感兴趣的各方,无论是申请人还是旁观者,访问 ICANN 网站上的新 gTLD 部分,查看官方文档、有用的资源和最新的进展。新 gTLD 站点在

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."