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.ASIA 单字符和双字符分配提案

评论期截止日期 (*) 重要信息链接
公众意见箱
开放日期: 2011 年 11 月 4 日 提交意见(论坛已关闭)
关闭日期: 2011 年 12 月 16 日 时间(UTC): 23:59 查看已提交评论
第 I 部分:描述、说明及目的

DotAsia 提议修订其 2006 年协议 (http://www.icann.org/en/tlds/agreements/asia/),从而允许将单字符和双字符 .ASIA 域名推向市场。我们鼓励机构群体对此提案发表意见,意见征询截止日期为 2011 年 12 月 16 日。

提案的实施将通过一个公平的逐步分配方案来进行,该方案包括三个主要组成部分:

  1. “先锋域名计划”(亦称 RFP 流程),用于邀请感兴趣的注册人提出具体的使用和推广计划;
  2. “预注册”阶段,供有资格的商标名称持有者和公司名称持有者对 RFP 阶段中未分配的域名提交申请;
  3. 抢注和拍卖阶段,该阶段针对先锋域名计划和预注册流程中未分配的域名。与 .ASIA 启动流程类似,如果在上述任何期间收到多个成功核实的申请,那么将在这些成功核实的申请之间进行域名拍卖。

这项公平的逐步分配方案旨在确保更好地使用和推广 .ASIA 域名,从而提高 .ASIA 域名在机构群体中的认知度,并更好地服务于亚太地区的互联网群体。

修正版的内容可参见带修订标记的附录 6 草案 [PDF, 276 KB],该文件应结合 RSEP 要求 (http://www.icann.org/en/registries/rsep/dotasia-request-09aug11-en.pdf [PDF, 21 KB]) 来阅读。
第 II 部分:背景信息
提案 [PDF, 21 KB] 于 2011 年 8 月 9 日通过 RSEP 流程提交给 ICANN,并发布于以下页面:http://www.icann.org/en/registries/rsep/。有关评估流程的详情,请参见:http://www.icann.org/en/registries/rsep/rsep.html
第 III 部分:文档和资源链接
第 IV 部分:其他信息
联系工作人员: Karla Valente 电子邮件: karla.valente@icann.org

(*) 若在公布的关闭日期/时间之后提交意见,则不予保证在任何之后的最终摘要、分析、报告或决策中考虑该意见。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."