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安全、稳定、可靠的新通用顶级域名 (gTLD): ICANN 寻求全球背景审查服务供应商

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ICANN 今日发布了一项 提案申请 (RFP) [PDF, 104 KB] ,以期寻找能够对所有新顶级域名 (gTLD) 申请人进行及时、全面背景调查的全球背景审查服务供应商。

经过多年来与商业群体、商标所有者、政府以及互联网一般用户社区的广泛讨论和辩论,ICANN 理事会已经批准了新 gTLD 计划,允许公司通过该计划申请新顶级域名。在未来几年内,通用顶级域名的数量(目前共有 22 个,包括广为人知的 .com 、.net 和 .org 等)预计将有急剧增长。

根据社会各界关于推出新通用顶级域名的安全性和稳定性的意见,ICANN 承诺会对每个申请人展开全面的背景审查。新 gTLD 计划中采用了多种利益相关者保护机制。背景审查、gTLD 注册协议的新特点、易于访问的区域文件数据,以及数据和财务代管机制都将为注册者和用户提供完善的保护。据预计,背景审查的范围至少将涵盖申请公司、重要董事、管理人员、合作伙伴以及公司的主要股东。

新 gTLD 计划预计在 2012 年 1 月开始接受申请,届时来自全球各地各式各样的申请将纷至沓来。确保新 gTLD 申请者为公众利益服务和遵守新 gTLD 计划的要求是重中之重。对每个申请人进行彻底和及时的背景检查将成为 ICANN 审批过程中的一个重要组成部分。

如果您对本次 RFP 有任何问题或意见,请回信至: BackgroundScreeningRFP@icann.org 。RFP 相关问题的提交时间将于 2011 年 9 月 13 日结束。ICANN 将在 2011 年 9 月 22 日之前回答所有提交问题。RFP 的最终意见定于 2011 年 10 月 4 日公布。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."