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ICANN Board Resolutions Wiki Launched - Public Comment Encouraged

As part of ICANN's ongoing effort to build upon its strong record of accountability and transparency, ICANN has launched a searchable wiki to provide the public with easy-to-access information on every substantive resolution approved by the Board of Directors.

In order to get initial public feedback that can serve as the basis for further improvements before full implementation, the 2009 resolutions have been loaded on the wiki.

Each resolution has a "work-in-progress" wiki page that provides basic information, including when it was approved, what it's about, the status of the resulting implementation actions, and links to additional information. Each wiki page contains a comment box to allow individuals to share information about the resolution and its implementation.

Interested individuals are encouraged to use this wiki and provide feedback to help build a more useful service. Please email comments to the public forum by 26 July 2010. An archive of all comments received will be publicly available.

Background and next steps:

ICANN will consider and incorporate public comments, as appropriate, in the build-out of the ICANN Board Resolutions Wiki.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."