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Temporary Expert Advisory Groups Formed on New gTLD Malicious Conduct Initiatives

As part of ICANN’s effort to advance work on the implementation plan and Applicant Guidebook for new gTLDs and in response to the Board’s direction to resolve the potential for malicious conduct over-arching issue, ICANN Staff is soliciting knowledgeable volunteers to serve on two temporary, expert advisory groups to study and develop proposed solutions for:

  • Enhancing access to zone file information; and,
  • Establishing a high security TLD verification program

ICANN invites the participation of knowledgeable volunteers from GNSO Stakeholder Groups, constituencies, advisory committees and other interested parties. Experts should submit a statement of interest and qualification to registry-liaison@icann.org by 9 December 2009, to ensure the groups include a broad representation of volunteers who can most effectively and efficiently understand the complexity of the issues and develop implementable solutions. ICANN hopes that a substantial number of experts with diverse viewpoints will volunteer, but the size of the group might need to be limited so the group can get its work done efficiently.

Briefing papers on these two concepts are viewable at http://www.icann.org/en/topics/new-gtlds/brief-zone-file-access-24nov09-en.pdf [PDF, 12K] and http://www.icann.org/en/topics/new-gtlds/brief-hstld-24nov09-en.pdf [PDF, 20K] and will be used to inform and guide each group’s kick-off call that will be scheduled for Tuesday, 15 December. Details about the first teleconference and any associated materials (e.g., synopsis of public comments on malicious conduct initiatives presented in Applicant Guidebook v3) will be provided to volunteers in advance of the call.

Recordings or minutes from the group’s conference calls will be publicly archived, and their outputs will be publicly posted and considered as part of ongoing Applicant Guidebook work.

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."