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Public Comment: Proposed Bylaw Amendments Related to GNSO Restructuring

Implementation of the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Improvements process requires the amendment of a substantial number of the ICANN Bylaws to reflect new GNSO structures, processes and mechanisms.

Today, a packaged set of draft Bylaws and additional Staff recommendations is being posted for Public review and comment so that the ICANN Board can move forward with Bylaw amendments as soon as practicable.

Approving the Bylaws amendments is a key step toward seating a newly structured GNSO Council at the ICANN meeting in Seoul, Korea this coming October as directed by the ICANN Board.

Background and Explanation:

The draft Bylaw amendments are the work product of a GNSO Council Restructure Drafting Team (consisting of the entire GNSO Council and additional GNSO community members) which has been working on a set of Bylaws Amendments for the last several months. The version developed by the GNSO Drafting Team has not been approved by the GNSO Council, and is the subject of a pending motion for approval at the next GNSO Council meeting. The additional draft Staff recommendations are designed to address additional procedural areas that are impacted by the draft changes and by community discussion during the ICANN meeting in Sydney, Australia.

In June 2008, the Board of Directors endorsed a series of recommendations on how to improve the GNSO’s structures and operations. For the past year the community has been engaged in substantial discussions regarding various components of the recommendations including development of a new Policy development process, creation of a new Working Group Model for policy development, the restructuring of the GNSO Council and a variety of other process and mechanism changes designed to increase participation in the GNSO’s work efforts.

Relevant Board Resolution, Bylaws and Constituency Submissions:

The Process From Here:

At the end of this Public Comment Forum period, the ICANN Staff will provide a summary/analysis of the comments submitted regarding the Bylaw amendments package. That summary/analysis will be shared with the community and the Board. The Board will ultimately make the decision on whether to approve the Bylaw Amendments.

It should be noted that the GNSO Improvements Report approved by the Board in June 2008 has additional guidelines and recommendations for the ongoing practices and processes of GNSO constituencies. It is expected that this work – particularly with respect to a new Policy Development Process, creation of a new Working Group Model and development of a new set of GNSO Council Operation Rules and Procedures - will be ongoing as part of the GNSO Improvements implementation efforts.

Deadline and How to Submit Comments:

The Staff is opening a 30-day public consultation forum, from 30 June 2009 through 29 July 2009, and invites community comments on this matter. The formal Public Comment Forum Box is located here:

To submit comments:

To view comments:

Staff Responsible: Robert Hoggarth

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."