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Internationalized Domain Name Program Adds Two Languages | Thai, Urdu wikis added for users to share experiences, insights

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MARINA DEL REY, Calif.: Thai and Urdu are the newest languages available on the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers wikipages set up for the global testing of Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs).

"Each new language made available means more users from around the world will be more naturally able to share their experiences as we test the technical impact of IDNs," said Tina Dam, Director of ICANN’s IDN Program. "The wikipages are also a great tool for people to learn — in their own language — about the work being done to make close to 100,000 characters from the languages of the world available for top level Internet addresses."

ICANN launched the wiki pages with the domain name "example.test" last October in the 11 languages — Arabic, Persian, Chinese (simplified and traditional), Russian, Hindi, Greek, Korean, Yiddish, Japanese and Tamil. Since then, Hebrew and Amharic have been added.

The wikis allow Internet users to establish their own subpages with their own names in their own language — one suggestion is: example.test/yourname.

Thai is internationalized on the fourth level and can be accessed via the following links:

http://ไทย.idn.icann.org

http://xn--o3cw4h.idn.icann.org

http://th.idn.icann.org

Urdu uses the same script as Persian and can therefore also be accessed through the Persian .test TLD.

http://نمونہ.آزمایشی

http://xn--hhbbbh02d.xn--hgbk6aj7f53bba

http://اردو.idn.icann.org

http://xn--mgbqf7g.idn.icann.org

http://ur.idn.icann.org

More information, as well as links to all of the wikis, is available at http://idn.icann.org.

About ICANN:

ICANN is responsible for the global coordination of the Internet's system of unique identifiers like domain names (like .org, .museum and country codes like .uk) and the addresses used in a variety of Internet protocols that help computers reach each other over the Internet. Careful management of these resources is vital to the Internet's operation, so ICANN's global stakeholders meet regularly to develop policies that ensure the Internet's ongoing security and stability. ICANN is an internationally organized, public benefit non-profit company. For more information please visit: www.icann.org.

Media Contacts:

Jason Keenan
Media Adviser, ICANN
Ph: +1 310 382 4004
E: jason.keenan@icann.org

International: Andrew Robertson
Edelman (London)
Ph: +44 7921 588 770
E: andrew.robertson@edelman.com


More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."