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Request to Provide Input to Issue Report on Introduction of IDN ccTLDs

At its meeting on 2 October 2007, the ccNSO Council resolved to call for an Issue Report to examine the need for a Policy Development Process (ccPDP) to consider:

  1. Whether Article IX of the ICANN bylaws applies to IDN ccTLDs associated with the ISO 3166-1 two letter codes, and if it does not then to establish if Article IX should apply.
  2. Whether the ccNSO should launch a PDP to develop the policy for the selection and delegation of IDN ccTLDs associated with the ISO 3166-1 two-letter codes.

The Council requested that, in preparing the Issue Report, the Issue Manager identify policies, procedures, and/or by-laws that should be reviewed and, as necessary revised, in connection with the development and implementation of any IDN ccTLD policy.

The Council, also at the 2 October meeting, appointed Bart Boswinkel as Issue Manager by the ccNSO Council, responsible for producing the Issue Report.

The ccNSO Council has asked Bart Boswinkel to consider, in preparing the Issue Report and in proposing a time line for conducting each stage of the ccPDP, the joint ccNSO GAC Issues Paper, the technical limitations and requirements including the IDNA Guidelines, and any other matters that the Issue Manager considers to be of relevance, which includes the intermediate results and final outcome of the work of the IDNC Working Group (“fast track approach”).

To identify matters that are potentially relevant to the Issues Report, a comment period will open on 19 December 2007 and close on 25 January 2008. Comments can be submitted via email and will be archived for public review. The email address for comments and link to the archive will be published at the opening of the comment period.

Submit comments to

View comments at

In raising matters for consideration, it will be most helpful if you would:

  1. State your name and affiliation;
  2. Briefly identify the issue, concern, or idea you want to raise;
  3. Explain what the issue, concern, or idea;
  4. Explain your specific interest in the matter raised;
  5. Indicate why you think it is within the scope of the questions raised by the ccNSO Council (see above) .

It would be most helpful if you also identify any relevant publicly available documentation, for future reference.

Please note that it is not necessary at this stage to make suggestions to resolve any issues relating to an overall policy or answer any questions.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."