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ICANN Formalizes Relationships with ccTLD Managers for Côte d'Ivoire and Russia

ICANN announced today that it has formalized its 20th and 21st relationships with country code top level domain (ccTLD) managers. Today’s are for .ci - Côte d'Ivoire (Institut National Polytechnique Felix Houphouet Boigny), and .ru — Russia (Coordination Center for TLD RU).

The signings took place today at ICANN’s 28th public meeting being held in Lisbon, Portugal.

The relationship with Côte d'Ivoire and the Russian Federation is an exchange of letters. They represent the 20th and 21st formalized relationships between ccTLD managers and ICANN.

The Accountability Framework program provides two mechanisms by which ccTLD managers can formalise their relationship with ICANN. The first is an Accountability Framework document that sets out the obligations of a ccTLD manager and ICANN. It also covers dispute resolution and termination and is designed for ccTLD managers requiring a formal document with ICANN.

The second mechanism is an exchange of letters between ICANN and the ccTLD manager designed for those for whom a simple statement of commitment is more appropriate.

Signed accountability framework and exchange of letters documents can be found at http://www.icann.org/cctlds/agreements.html. Click on the photos below for print-quality versions.

About ICANN:

ICANN is an internationally organized, public benefit non-profit responsible for coordinating Internet Protocol (IP) address space allocation, protocol identifier assignment, generic (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) Top-Level Domain name system management, and root server system management functions. For more information please visit: www.icann.org.

The .ci signing. Left to right: Vint Cerf (ICANN chairman); Souleymane Oumtanaga (NIC Cote d’Ivoire); Paul Twomey (ICANN president and CEO)

Signing of .ci agreement

The .ru signing. Left to right: Vint Cerf (ICANN chairman); Paul Twomey (ICANN president and CEO); Andrew Romanov (.ru); Dmitry Burkov (.ru / RIPE)

Signing of .ru agreement

Media Contacts:

Jason Keenan
Media Adviser
ICANN (USA)
Ph: +1 310 818 9072
E: jason.keenan@icann.org

International: Andrew Robertson
Edelman ( London)
Ph: +44 7921 588 770
E: andrew.robertson@edelman.com


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."