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Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Policy For Allocation of IPv4 Blocks to Regional Internet Registries

On 3 September 2004 the ASO Address Council forwarded a new IPv4 policy concerning IANA allocations of IPv4 address to Regional Internet number Registries to the ICANN board for action, affirming that the policy had been approved in accordance with the four RIR's local policy development processes.

This new policy will replace prior operational agreements between IANA and the RIRs governing IPv4 allocations only.

On 18 February 2005 the ICANN Board preliminarily adopted the proposed policy as a valid codification of current procedures, and directed staff to continue to follow the policy in the performance of the IANA function, pending final approval by the Board after a public comment period. This policy is now available for a 21 day public comment period.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Policy For Allocation of IPv4 Blocks to Regional Internet Registries

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."