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New ICANN Staff Appointments: Human Resources and Chief Registrar Liaison

Andrew Savage
Human Resources

ICANN is pleased to announce that Andrew Savage has joined ICANN as Head of Human Resources.

Before joining ICANN, Andrew held a variety of senior positions in human resources, most recently as a Human Resources Manager for Pfizer at their Research facility in La Jolla, California.

Before joining Pfizer, Andrew was a Human Resources Manager for Guardian Insurance and also enjoyed a long professional career in HR with The Boots Company, the UK based Health and Beauty Retailer and Manufacturer. A native of the United Kingdom, Andrew has over nineteen years experience in his field in all the major professional disciplines and with an International dimension. He holds Senior Professional Human Resources (SPHR) certification in the USA and is also an MBA.

Tim Cole
Chief Registrar Liaison

ICANN is pleased to announce the appointment of Tim Cole as Chief Registrar Liaison.

Tim is an attorney and he administered the UDRP process for the National Arbitration Forum for several years where he was Director of Internet Dispute Solutions. Through that prior experience he has gained a comprehensive knowledge of registrar issues that will directly aid him in his assignment at ICANN.

In the past Tim was with HealthPartners Inc. in Minneapolis, Minnesota, where he held a variety of positions in operations management, and he has also acted as an independent consultant.

More recently he has been based at the Los Angeles office of the Ladas & Parry law firm helping to establish their Digital Brands Practice, which focuses on clients intellectual property concerns on the Internet.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."