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ICANN Approves Dispute Resolution Providers for Transfer Dispute Resolution Policy

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced today that the Asian Domain Name Dispute Resolution Centre (ADNDRC) and the National Arbitration Forum (NAF) have been approved as independent dispute resolution providers for the Transfer Dispute Resolution Policy (TDRP). This policy is part of the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy, which will go into effect on 12 November 2004.

The Policy provides that registrars wishing to dispute another registrar's alleged violations of this policy may initiate a dispute proceeding with the appropriate registry operator or with an independent dispute resolution provider. Decisions made under this policy by the registry operator may be appealed to an independent dispute resolution provider.

The ADNDRC is a joint undertaking between the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC) and the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC). The ADNDRC provides domain name dispute resolution services through two offices - one in Beijing, and the other in Hong Kong.

The National Arbitration Forum, based in North America, was formed in 1986. The Forum maintains a worldwide network of former judges, litigators, and law professors and provides services for the resolution of commercial and civil disputes.

Both organizations currently handle cases under ICANN's UDRP and other policies involving domain name disputes.

For more information on the transfer policy, see

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."