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Registry Monthly Reports Now Available on ICANN Website

Under its agreements with operators and sponsors of generic top-level domains (.aero, .biz, .com, .coop, .info, .museum, .name, .net, and .org), ICANN receives monthly reports covering registration activity, registrar volumes, technical performance, and growth trends. For some time, ICANN has been preparing the reports it has accumulated for posting, with the goal of making this information available to the community after confidentiality restrictions expire. As a first stage of this project, fifty of the reports have now been posted on the ICANN web site, indexed from the web page at <http://www.icann.org/tlds/monthly-reports/>.

Preparation of additional registry reports for posting is ongoing, and more reports will be made available as the preparation work progresses. ICANN receives registry reports under various confidentiality restrictions that must be reviewed before the reports can be posted. These restrictions expire in a phased manner which allows reports to be posted on a defined schedule after they are received. For example, the monthly reports contain information that ICANN must treat as confidential until three months after the month to which they relate.

As the preparation work progresses and confidentiality restrictions expire, ICANN expects to post other monthly reports, as well as proof-of-concept reports associated with the introduction of new top-level domains inaugurated in 2001.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."