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ICANN 和公共技术标识符 (PTI) 发布美国 2017 财年报税单


洛杉矶——2018 年 5 月 15 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers,ICANN) 和公共技术标识符 (Public Technical Identifiers, PTI) 公司于今天公布截至 2017 年 6 月 30 日这一财年期间的美国报税单(990 表)。这是近期刚刚组建 PTI 公司首次按照要求呈交 990 表。

ICANN 和 PTI 已于 2018 年 5 月 14 日向美国国税局 (Internal Revenue Service,IRS) 提交了截止至 2017 年 6 月 30 日的 990 表。此举符合已延期至 2018 年 5 月 15 日的交表时间。990 表是美国《国内税收法典 (Internal Revenue Code)》第 501(c) 节中规定的享受所得税减免的组织税务表。

公开发布 ICANN 和 PTI 的财务信息符合组织对问责制和透明度所做出的持续承诺。现诚邀社群审核 ICANN 和 PTI 的报税单,并提出评论或疑问。请联系我们


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."