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2020-2025 年中东地区和周边国家 (MEAC) 战略


评议开放日期: 2020 年 2 月 18 日 截止日期: 2020 年 4 月 3 日
发起组织: 全球利益相关方合作部 (GSE)
类别/标签: 合作/参与、战略

中东地区和周边国家战略工作组 (Middle East and Adjoining Countries Strategy Working Group, MEAC-SWG) 为了在区域层面上与 ICANN 的《2021-2025 财年战略规划》保持一致,现已编制了一份中东地区的区域战略草案,总结了本地区的合作交流重点事项。这份文件现已公开发布以征询公众意见。

MEAC-SWG 期待着从本地区社群和更广泛的 ICANN 社群中获得反馈和建议。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."