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Rapport initial sur les protections pour certains noms associés à la Croix-Rouge dans tous les gTLD - Processus de modification de la politique

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Date d'ouverture : 21 juin 2018 Date de clôture : 31 juillet 2017
Organisation à l'origine de la consultation : GNSO
Catégories/Étiquettes : Élaboration de politiques
Bref aperçu : Le but est d'obtenir les contributions de la communauté au sujet des recommandations proposées pour modifier des recommandations consensuelles préalables en matière du maintien de la protection du CICR, de la FICR et des sociétés nationales, tel qu'indiqué par le conseil de la GNSO. Le document faisant l'objet de la consultation est le rapport initial du groupe de travail sur la protection des identificateurs des OIG-OING
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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."