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社群 gTLD 变更请求流程草案


评议开放日期: 2018 年 2 月 14 日 截止日期: 2018 年 4 月 2 日
发起组织: 全球域名分部
类别/标签: 签约方协议
简介: ICANN 现针对 ICANN 考量社群通用顶级域 (gTLD)《注册管理机构协议 (Registry Agreement)》规范 12 的调整事项所编写的流程草案 [PDF, 327 KB] 征询公众意见。这项流程的指导原则在于:允许社群 gTLD 注册管理运行机构在不取消"社群注册政策"时、或避免大幅扩大或缩小注册人资格和/或域名选取要求时、或避免对 TLD 社群带来重大负面影响时,对规范 12 进行修改。这份流程草案是社群 gTLD 变更请求流程工作组和 ICANN 组织共同合作的成果,注册管理机构利益相关方团体 (RySG) 也对这份草案提出了意见。本轮公共评议期流程遵守了 GNSO 理事会就这一主题所发布的指南 [PDF, 245 KB] 中规定的步骤。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."