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ICANN 和肯尼亚通信管理局 (CA) 将在肯尼亚召开“非洲执法机构能力培养工作坊”

互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 和肯尼亚通信管理局 (Communication Authority of Kenya, CA) 很高兴地宣布将于 2017 年 1 月 25 日至 26 日合作举办"执法机构能力培养工作坊"。本工作坊将由肯尼亚通信管理局、政府咨询委员会 (Governmental Advisory Committee, GAC) 公共安全工作组 (Public Safety Working Group, PSWG) 主办,由 ICANN 全球利益相关方合作部门 (Global Stakeholder Engagement, GSE)、安全、稳定和弹性部门 (Security, Stability and Resiliency, SSR) 和合规部门承办。

本工作坊旨在帮助非洲执法社群提高意识、培养能力,了解如何有效参与 ICANN、政府咨询委员会 (GAC) 和 ICANN 政策制定的工作。本工作坊还将重点关注执法机构的能力培养,并审核域名系统 (Domain Name System, DNS) 及其对公共安全的影响。

本次活动将涉及以下主题:

  • 介绍 ICANN 的使命和自下而上的多利益相关方政策制定模型
  • 介绍政府咨询委员会 (GAC):职责、组织和成员
  • 介绍公共安全工作组 (PSWG):授权指令和工作计划
  • DNS 滥用的定义,可用于 ICANN 的流程和合同之中
  • DNS 滥用缓和措施:签约方的责任和义务
  • DNS 滥用缓和措施:ICANN 安全、稳定和弹性事务团队的职责和工具
  • 执法机构如何与 ICANN 保持合作

非洲执法机构能力培养工作坊将为大约 15 家打击网络犯罪的非洲机构、公共安全工作组的成员和其他来自政府和业内的代表提供一次绝佳的经验分享机会。

如需查看完整的工作坊议程,请点击此处[PDF, 330 KB]。

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ICANN简介:

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

如需更多信息,请访问:https://www.icann.org/


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."