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ICANN 继续执行疫情期间互联网接入报销点项目

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洛杉矶——2021 年 1 月 13 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今天宣布针对 ICANN70 届会议继续执行疫情期间互联网接入项目 (Pandemic Internet Access Program)。在 ICANN 董事会于 2020 年 8 月通过的决议的支持下,本项目于 ICANN69 届会议期间作为试点项目启动。

如何申请

感兴趣的社群成员必须在 ICANN70 届会议前提交申请,我们将选取合格成员参与本项目。申请提交的截止时间为世界协调时 (UTC) 2021 年 3 月 5 日星期五 23:59 时。申请流程将于 2021 年 2 月 8 日开放。如需查看项目详情,请参见此处

背景

本项目旨在促进大家在全球疫情持续蔓延的情况下继续参与 ICANN 公共会议。它为受到互联网带宽限制的社群成员们提供财务援助,帮助他们提高所用的互联网带宽。

在针对 ICANN69 届会议的试点项目中,共有 24 名申请人达到要求并获得了报销款。有关本信息的详细报告请参见此处

ICANN 正在针对 ICANN70 届会议持续改进这个项目。来自三大支持组织 (Supporting Organization)、四大咨询委员会 (Advisory Committee)、通用名称支持组织 (Generic Names Supporting Organization) 的四大利益相关方团体和五大选区、代表一般会员社群的五大地区性一般会员组织 (Regional At-Large Organization) 的领导人们都将有机会提名一定名额的项目受益人,他们应重点考虑已经积极参与到 ICANN 社群中且此前可能并不符合申请资格的人员。

若合格申请人在会议召开当月或 2021 年 3 月账单周期内购买了额外的互联网宽带服务(包括上网能力或数据额度),则将可以获得高达 60 美元的报销费用。这类服务必须由一名企业实体或互联网服务提供商负责提供,具体针对互联网或手机蜂窝数据服务。该提供商必须提供数据或文件记录,列出服务升级后的成本。

如需获得有关本项目的额外信息,包括资格要求,请点击此处。如需查看常见问题与解答 (FAQ) 请点击此处

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调并支持这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."