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Rapport initial de la révision des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage

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Date d'ouverture : 8 octobre 2020 Date de clôture : 2 décembre 2020
Organisation à l'origine de la consultation : bureau du PDG, organisation ICANN
Catégories/Étiquettes : Révisions/Améliorations
Bref aperçu :

Cette consultation publique est lancée au nom de l’équipe de révision des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage (IFRT). L’équipe a mené cette revue conformément aux spécifications détaillées dans le chapitre 18 des Statuts constitutifs de l’ICANN, qui établissent son champ de travail comme étant l’examen et l’évaluation de la performance de l’entité Identificateurs techniques publics (PTI) dans la gestion des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage à la lumière des exigences contractuelles qui figurent dans le contrat des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage et l’énoncé de travail des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage (SOW).

L’équipe IFRT publie son rapport initial pour consultation auprès de la communauté.

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."