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敬请参加针对《2021-2025 财年运营和财务规划草案》和《2021 财年运营规划和预算草案》的信息网络研讨会

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洛杉矶——2020 年 1 月 13 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现针对其《2021-2025 财年运营和财务规划草案》和《2021 财年运营规划和预算草案》征询社群的意见和建议。今天,即 1 月 14 日,是社群参加介绍规划草案的信息网络研讨会的最后机会。这类研讨会将帮助社群理解和参与规划的编制。

如需参与,您只需在网络研讨会召开时点击以下链接。

本轮网络研讨会的音频和链接将发布在社群财务维基页面上。

《2021-2025 财年运营和财务规划草案》旨在支持 ICANN 的《2021-2025 财年战略规划》,整体而全面地介绍该组织正在开展的活动。该规划草案不会替代 ICANN 组织的年度运营规划,而是作为运营规划的有益补充,着眼全局介绍 ICANN 将在接下来五年间如何履行使命。《2021 财年运营规划和预算草案》则界定和描述了 ICANN 在 2021 财年间已经规划的活动、预期融资来源和水平。请点击此处获取提交反馈意见的详细信息。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."