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洛杉矶——2019 年 8 月 19 日——ICANN 问责制和透明度第 3 轮审核 (Accountability and Transparency Review Team, ATRT3) 现启动调查征询社群建议。


本调查旨在搜集 ICANN 社群成员对 ICANN 的问责制和透明度的看法,帮助 ATRT3 审核小组识别需要得到改进或可以从社群建议中获益的领域。

审核小组现已发布一份独立调查,旨在面向 ICANN 社群团体搜集建议。这两份调查均将于世界协调时 2019 年 9 月 13 日 23:59 时关闭,然后 ATRT3 审核小组将审核各方回复,并将其纳入《最终报告》的草案中。

调查问题现提供 PDF 格式,请参见此处(仅供参考)。


《ICANN 章程》(第 4 条第 4.6 节)规定问责制和透明度审核 (ATRT) 旨在:审核"ICANN 执行承诺的情况,维持和改善公共评议、问责制和透明度的强健机制,确保决策成果符合公共利益,并对互联网社群负责。"

如需了解更多有关 ATRT3 审核的信息,请点击此处


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."