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诚邀大家加入:域名冲突分析项目 (NCAP) 讨论小组

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洛杉矶——2019 年 4 月 17 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现诚邀大家加入域名冲突分析项目 (Name Collision Analysis Project, NCAP) 讨论小组。

NCAP 讨论小组根据安全与稳定咨询委员会 (Security and Stability Advisory Committee, SSAC) 发布的提案而界定,由 ICANN 首席技术官办公室 (Office of the CTO, OCTO) 负责修订,旨在作为一个开放式的公共讨论小组,探讨有关 NCAP 第 1 项研究的相关事务。

NCAP 第 1 项研究由 ICANN 董事会于 2019 年 3 月 14 日授权执行。这项研究将:

  • 审核此前有关域名冲突的所有工作,并编制一份摘要报告,将此前工作中的所有重要知识纳入到这项研究中去,使得新加入该主题讨论的人员能够获得一定的初步理解。
  • 使用过往研究编制一个数据组列表,找出缺漏(若有),并列出成功完成第 2 项和第 3 项研究时所需的额外数据。
  • 根据对此前工作和数据的可用程度而获得的调查结果,决定该项目是否应当继续进行。

您拥有两种方式参与 NCAP 讨论小组:

  • 个人参与人——参与人预计需要积极参与电子邮件清单和会议的讨论。每位有意参与的人员均需提交一份《意向书 (SOI)》,然后才能被指派为个人参与人,有权在电子邮件清单中发帖。我们预计参与人将向本流程提出重要建议。
  • 电子邮件清单观察员——观察员一职旨在让对此感兴趣的人员跟踪 NCAP 的讨论。观察员仅对邮件清单中的讨论拥有阅读权限。电子邮件清单观察员还可随时提交一份《意向书》,申请加入 NCAP 讨论小组。

为了确保运作透明,所有电子邮件清单上的讨论均将公开存档。请注意:全体参与人必须遵守《ICANN 预期行为标准

如需加入域名冲突分析项目讨论小组,请在 2019 年 5 月 6 日前填写以下的问卷调查

背景

如需深入了解 NCAP 第 1 项研究,请点击此处

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."