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ICANN 向国际电信联盟 (ITU) 递交加入 ITU-D 部门会员的申请


洛杉矶——2019 年 2 月 28 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今天宣布现已向国际电信联盟 (International Telecommunications Union, ITU) 电信开发部门 (ITU-D) 递交了一份会员申请。

"为了有效履行 ICANN 的使命,确保互联网唯一标识符系统的稳定和安全运营,ICANN 必须参加可能会影响到本组织的使命的各类讨论,"ICANN 总裁兼首席执行官 (CEO) 马跃然 (Göran Marby) 指出。"在与 ITU 进行了多年的成功合作和交流后,我们期望成为一名部门会员,这将帮助 ICANN 履行自己的职责、满足自己的期望,提供我们的专有技术知识,从而确保国际电联在对任何事务的考量时都能充分理解技术背景,了解任何举措可能会对互联网的未来发展带来怎样的影响。"

ITU-D 部门旨在从国际层面上加强合作与团结,为发展中国家提供技术援助,帮助他们创建、开发和改进电信设备和网络。从 ICANN 的角度来看,ITU-D 部门花费大量的精力来讨论有关互联网发展的相关事务,且特别关注国际公共政策事务和能力建设领域。

自 ICANN 于 1998 年设立以来,本组织一直秉承着一个特殊权责,即作为一家技术协调机构,确保互联网唯一标识符系统的安全和稳定。ICANN 一直与全球各地的技术类合作伙伴紧密接触,兢兢业业地履行着自己的使命。如今,随着全球各国政府和各国际政府间组织正在拟定各种可能会影响 ICANN 的使命或运营的立法和监管制度,因而 ICANN 必须与这类机构增进合作。

ICANN 董事会将在今年 6 月做出最终决定。


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."