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社群针对消费者保护展开对话

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洛杉矶——2019 年 1 月 28 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日发布了一份近期社群对域名系统 (Domain Name System, DNS) 消费者保护的讨论录音。这份录音资料演讲稿 [PDF, 1.0 MB],以及补充资料均已公开发布。

该会议于 2019 年 1 月 11 日在美国华盛顿哥伦比亚特区召开,旨在了解本地社群是否有兴趣在日后的 ICANN 会议期间参加一场囊括整个社群的、有关消费者保护领域的对话,具体主题可包括 DNS 基础设施滥用等。近 50 名 ICANN 社群成员出席了这次会议,并认为一部分与会成员可以尝试起草一份议程,供整个社群在日后 ICANN 会议期间展开讨论。

如果您对这类主题和消费者保护摘要文件还有其他看法,请将这些看法发送给合同合规和消费者保护高级副总裁杰米·赫德伦 (Jamie Hedlund):jamie.hedlund@icann.org,或消费者保护主管拜伦·希林 (Bryan Schilling):bryan.schilling@icann.org。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."