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ICANN 现已发布“双字符标签授权释放流程实施”的相关文件

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洛杉矶——2019 年 1 月 22 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日发布了有关 ICANN 组织"二级域双字符标签授权释放流程实施"的两份相关文件。编制这类文件旨在为 ICANN 董事会和政府咨询委员会 (Governmental Advisory Committee, GAC) 之间针对 GAC 对双字符二级国家和地区域所给出的建议而进行的讨论提供更多背景信息,这包括最近在GAC 的《巴塞罗那公报 (GAC Barcelona Communiqué)》中提出的建议。

第一份文件详细介绍了 ICANN 组织在 2016 年 11 月决定释放双字符标签授权之前所采取的逐步措施。这份文件还回应了 GAC 提出的有关这次授权释放的具体问题。

请点击此处下载 ICANN 组织备忘录:双字符标签授权释放的实施和避免与相应国家和地区域产生混淆的标准措施 [PDF, 395 KB]。

第二份文件是对二级域双字符标签的一次背景介绍。这份介绍囊括了 ICANN 董事会和 ICANN 机构根据 GAC 的建议所采取的措施。这份文件还囊括了在双字符标签授权释放流程编制过程中 ICANN 董事会、机构和 GAC 之间的沟通函件。

请点击此处下载新通用顶级域 (gTLD) 二级域双字符标签事宜的背景介绍 [PDF, 500 KB]。

这两份文件现已发布在双字符 ASCII 标签信息页面之上。

ICANN 董事会将在预计于 2019 年 1 月 26-27 日召开的会议期间通过既定的《GAC 建议考量流程》对 GAC《巴塞罗那公报》中提出的建议做出正式回复。

背景

2016 年 11 月 8 日,ICANN 董事会通过了一项决议,指导 ICANN 组织对二级域中保留的双字符标签释放授权。这次授权释放受到了"避免与相应国家和地区域产生混淆的标准措施"的影响。ICANN 组织于是在 2016 年 12 月推行了措施标准框架。

2018 年 10 月 25 日,GAC 在其《巴塞罗那公报》中发布了一份针对二级域双字符国家和地区域一题的共识性建议。GAC 建议 ICANN 董事会采用书面形式解释该机构如何认为自身正在实施 GAC 针对二级国家和地区域的授权释放的建议,且考量理由如何。GAC 还建议 ICANN 董事会采用书面形式解释董事会于 2016 年 11 月 8 日发布的决议是否与 GAC 的建议相兼容,或是这份决议是否对 GAC 的建议表示拒绝。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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